To view the root records in this website correctly, you'll need to download a font for the Musnad script, either the Qatabanic font or Sabaic font, if you have an older operating system.

Depending on your Operating system, you may also need to download fonts for other scripts as well. Linux users should be able to view all scripts, Windows and Mac users will need to download various fonts, most of which can be found at the Unicode Fonts for Ancient Scripts website.

Quivira - Comprehensive Unicode Font

Quivira is a Unicode font that contains glyphs for many of the scripts included in the Unicode standard. Most of the scripts used in this site are covered by Quivira full list, including the Musnad,

Google - Noto Sans Old North Arabian

Google has fonts available for most ancient scripts, this is for Old North Arabian which Windows & Mac users still don't have a font for, but it's included in most Linux systems



A Comparative Grammar of the Semitic Languages (O'Leary, De Lacy)

This book is a little dated, and was written before the discovery of Ugaritic but it is still a very good primer on the grammar of the Semitic languages.

  • Published: 1923
  • Download: Click (pdf)
  • Filesize: 10.7 MB

Ancient Semitic Civilizations (Moscati, Sabatino)

A great introduction to the civilisations that spawned the Semitic languages.

  • Published: 1957
  • Download: Click (pdf)
  • Filesize: 23.7 MB

Semitic Inscriptions (Littman, Enno)

A great introduction to some of the inscriptions of the ancient Semitic languages.

  • Published: 1904
  • Download: Click (pdf)
  • Filesize: 15.7 MB

A Textbook of North-Semitic Inscriptions (Cooke)

A great introduction to some of the inscriptions of the north west Semitic languages.

  • Published: 1903
  • Download: Click (pdf)
  • Filesize: 22.9 MB

Ancient South Arabian

Sabaic Dictionary (Beeston)

Reference lexicon for the Sabaic language.

  • Published: 1982
  • Download: Click (pdf)
  • Filesize: 9.2 MB

Sabaic Grammar (Beeston)

Basic grammar for the Sabaic language.

  • Published: 1984
  • Download: Click (pdf)
  • Filesize: 5.9 MB


Comparative Dictionary of Ge'ez (Leslau)

Reference lexicon for the Ge'ez language.

  • Published: 1987
  • Download: Click (pdf)
  • Filesize: 148.5 MB

Introduction to Classical Ethiopic (Lambdin)

Grammar for the Ge'ez language.

  • Published: 1978
  • Download: Click (pdf)
  • Filesize: 34.1 MB